@blackhistorian757: Over the last 130...

@blackhistorian757: Over the last 130...

View Instagram Posts     @blackhistorian757: Over the last 130 years, African-American women have gradually freed themselves from serving Euro-Americans as slaves and domestic servants, and now they hold jobs and positions in all areas of public and private organizations. These women have been instrumental in holding their families together through times of constant struggle. They have used volunteer organizations to fight for rights and obtain justice in a racist and sexist society.

Through all of this the African-American woman has endured the negative cultural perceptions of Mammy and Jezebel. The cultural perception of Mammy is an affectionate image; on the other hand, Jezebel is negative. Although we do not speak these words today, the perceptions are present and are accepted by African-Americans and Euro- Americans, alike. It is evident in the personification of the African-American mother.

The historic deeds of African-American women in the preslavery period of Africa include participating in the economic and political organization of the tribes. According to Robert Staples in his book, Black Woman In America, " In West Africa, the ancestral home of most Afro-Americans, women of the Ashanti tribe were reputed to have founded small states such as Mampong, Wenchi, and Juaben. Among the peoples of Niger and Chad, women reputedly founded cities, led migrations, and conquered kingdoms. There are also accounts of the courage of female legions who fought in armies of Monomotapa."

African-American women were bought and sold during the days of slavery, with or without their families. Slaveowners are said to have frowned upon this practice, and defenders of slavery denied that it happened at all. But it happened.

History tells us that the selling and buying of slaves occurred most often when the master died or during times when he was financially stressed. Below is an example of an actual bill of sale and an authentic letter seeking to purchase a Negro slave girl.

The condition of African-American women during slavery was definitely more difficult and restricted than that of men. Their work and responsibilities were the same, but they carried the additional burden of b
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